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8th Air Force

The 8th Air Force was originally constituted as VIII Bomber Command on January 19, 1942 and was activated February 1, 1942. This command conducted the heavy bombardment operations of Eighth AF from August 17, 1942 until 1944.

The 8th AF was primarily engaged in the bombardment of strategic targets in Europe.

Constituted as VIII Bomber Command on 19 Jan 1942. Activated in the US on I Feb 1942. An advanced detachment was established in England on 23 Feb and units began arriving from the US during the spring of 1942. The command conducted the heavy bombardment operations of Eighth AF from 17 Aug 1942 until early in 1944. Redesignated Eighth AF on 22 Feb 1944.

Afterward, engaged primarily in bombardment of strategic targets in Europe. Transferred, without personnel, equipment, and combat elements, to Okinawa on 16 Jul 1945. Although some personnel and combat units were assigned before V-J Day, the Eighth did not participate in combat against Japan. Transferred, without personnel and equipment, to the US on 7 Jun 1946.

Components: 1st Bombardment Wing: 1942-1943. 2d Bombardment Wing: 1942-1943. 3d Bombardment Wing: 1942-1943. 4th Bombardment Wing: 1942-1943. 12th Bombardment Wing: 1942-1944. 301st Fighter Wing: 1945- 1946. 316th Bombardment Wing: 1945- 1946. 1st Air Division: 1943-1945. 2d Air Division: 1943-1945. 3d Air Division: 1943-1945. VIII Fighter Command 1944-1945.

Stations: Langley Field, Va, 1 Feb 1942; Savannah AB, Ga, c. 10 Feb 1942; Daws Hill, England, 23 Feb 1942; High Wycombe, England, 15 May 1942-16 Jul 1945; Okinawa, 16 Jul 19457 Jun 1946; MacDill Field, Fla, 7 Jun 1946; Ft Worth AAFld, Tex, I Nov 1946; Westover AFB, Mass, Jun 1g55-.

Commanders: Maj Gen Ira C Eaker, 23 Feb 1942; Brig Gen Newton Longfellow, 2 Dec 1942; Maj Gen Frederick L Anderson, I Jul 1943; Lt Gen James H Doolittle, 6 Jan 1944; Maj Gen William E Kepner, 10 May 1945; Maj Gen Westside T Larson, 21 Jun 1945; Lt Gen James H Doolittle, 19 Jul 1945; Maj Gen Earle E Partridge, 12 Sep 1945; Brig Gen Patrick W Timberlake, 30 Nov 1945-unkn; Col Neil B Harding, c. 16 Aug 1946; Brig Gen Roger M Ramey, I Nov 1946; Maj Gen Clements McMullen, 12 Nov 1946; Maj Gen Roger M Ramey, 16 Dec 1946; Maj Gen Archie J Old Jr, 15 Jun 1950; Lt Gen Samuel E Anderson, 14 Aug 1950; Maj Gen John B Montgomery, 8 May 1953;Maj Gen James C Selser Jr, 13 Jun 1955; Maj Gen Walter C Sweeney Jr, 6 Aug 1955-.

CAMPAIGNS. Air Offensive, Europe ; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace ; Central Europe’; Asiatic-Pacific Theater.

INSIGNE. Azure, in the lower lobe of the winged Arabic numeral “8” or a mullet throughout argent charged with a torteaux. (Approved 20 May 1943.)

Data from Air Force Combat Units of World War II By Maurer, Maurer, Published 1986

 8th Air Force
   Arrow 100th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 13th Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 14th Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 1st AIR Division
   Arrow 1st Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 20th Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 20th Fighter Group
   Arrow 2d Air Division
   Arrow 2d Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 303rd Bombardment Group
   Arrow 305th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 306th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 339th Fighter Group
   Arrow 34th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 351st Bombardment Group
   Arrow 352d Fighter Group
   Arrow 353d Fighter Group
   Arrow 355th Fighter Group
   Arrow 356th Fighter Group
   Arrow 357th Fighter Group
   Arrow 359th Fighter Group
   Arrow 361st Fighter Group
   Arrow 364th Fighter Group
   Arrow 379th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 381st Bombardment Group
   Arrow 384th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 385th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 388th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 389th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 390th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 392d Bombardment Group
   Arrow 398th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 3d Air Division
   Arrow 401st Bombardment Group
   Arrow 40th Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 41st Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 445th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 446th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 446th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 447th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 448th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 44th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 452nd Bombardment Group
   Arrow 453rd Bombardment Group
   Arrow 457th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 458th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 45th Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 466th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 467th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 478th Fighter Group
   Arrow 482nd Bombardment Group
   Arrow 486th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 487th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 489th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 490th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 491st Bombardment Group
   Arrow 492d Bombardment Group
   Arrow 493d Bombardment Group
   Arrow 4th Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 4th Fighter Group
   Arrow 55th Fighter Group
   Arrow 56th Fighter Group
   Arrow 65th Fighter Wing
   Arrow 66th Fighter Wing
   Arrow 67th Fighter Wing
   Arrow 78th Fighter Group
   Arrow 7th Reconnaissance Group
   Arrow 91st Bombardment Group
   Arrow 92d Bombardment Group
   Arrow 92d Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 93d Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 93rd Bombardment Group
   Arrow 94th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 94th Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 95th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 95th Bombardment Group
   Arrow 95th Bombardment Wing
   Arrow 96th Bombardment Group
   Arrow VIII Air Support Command
   Arrow VIII Fighter Command


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